What Is Type 1 Diabetes?

What Is Type 1 Diabetes?

November 6, 2019 0 By Jose Scott


– Hi, I’m Dr. Huhn. Let me talk to you about type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is often
seen in younger people, probably below the age of 20. And it’s caused by an
autoimmune condition. So the immune system starts
to recognize the cells within the pancreas that produce insulin, and the immune system sees the beta cells as something foreign. And that causes destruction
over time of those beta cells, and thus they are unable
to produce insulin, insulin being the keys to the
body to open up the tissues and allow fuel to get inside our muscles and organs and fat cells. So type 1 will develop after there’s insulin deficiency. You’ve got to have lost about 80% of your pancreas’ ability to make insulin, and without insulin you
start to break down fat, because the body isn’t
able to use glucose. And fat then can release fatty acids. Fatty acids are acidic,
so you can get very sick if you don’t have insulin in your body. The acids develop, and get very high, and can be life-threatening. So you’re unable to process any glucose, and it’s almost as if your
body is starving for energy. So one has to replace insulin in order to get things back on track. And of course there’s many
ways of taking insulin. There’s different regimens,
anywhere from doing one to four shots of insulin every day, or, sort of the high tech way these days, is with insulin pump therapy. And that gives you a continuous infusion of insulin just under the skin. (piano notes)