Talks on Ketosis and Diabetes

Talks on Ketosis and Diabetes

August 27, 2019 5 By Jose Scott


This is Thomas DeLauer with Keto-Mojo, and this is purely an educational video to help you understand the relationship between ketosis and diabetes. Now I’m gonna reference
a couple of studies, they’re gonna make a lot of sense, and help you understand this relationship. Let’s get down to the science. In this video, I want to start off by breaking down what insulin does in the body, then I want to talk about the
various forms of diabetes, type 1 and type 2, then I’m going to give you a breakdown of how the ketogenic diet
and insulin plays a role when it comes down to diabetes, because it’s really important that we have an understanding there. So let’s dive in and talk
about insulin really quick. So, within our pancreas, we have these cells that
are known as beta cells. And what beta cells do, is they produce insulin as a response to any kind of carbohydrate
that our body sees. So basically, when we have glucose that is
derived from food that we eat, our beta cells produce
these insulin molecules. These insulin molecules flow
around through the body, they allow the cell to
absorb that glucose. They allow liver cells, muscle cells, and fat cells to absorb the glucose, to ultimately be used for fuel. So then we take the next step, to look at diabetes, we can understand how diabetes
and insulin work together. So the first one I wanna talk
about is type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is not traditional. Type 1 is a little bit more rare, and it is an autoimmune condition. You see, what happens with
this autoimmune condition, is your body is actually
fighting off beta cells. So those beta cells that produce insulin, your body’s own immune
system is fighting them off, and it’s making it so that they’re not able to produce insulin. That’s why a type 1 diabetic needs to take exogenous insulin, to make sure that their blood sugar doesn’t go through the roof
from foods that they eat. Here’s the other thing, without insulin, the body can
start to essentially starve. You see, because it’s not
able to see that glucose, because the insulin is never allowing the glucose into the cells, the body starts to break
down proteins and fats. That’s why often times, type 1 diabetics are a lot more
thin than a type 2 diabetic. It’s not the conventional way
that we would look at diabetes as just being an issue
with overweight people. Okay, then we move in to type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the more common one, and this is sort of the
opposite, in a sense. It happens on the other
end of the spectrum. You see, our bodies cells, our liver, our fat, our muscle cells, no longer can receive insulin very well. Or they get very desensitized to it. So they get so much insulin
at one point in time, that they don’t respond
to it nearly as well. Which means that blood glucose
ends up staying elevated, and therefore, the pancreas tries it’s best
to produce more insulin, those beta cells try really hard, because they see blood sugar rising, but they can only do so much. So they try and try and try and
eventually become exhausted. And sometimes even fully shut down. Which gets it to the point where you cannot produce enough insulin to handle the glucose. So you either have to take
medications to lower your glucose or you have to take exogenous
insulin if it gets too bad. So now, let’s go in to the ketogenic diet, and how this works. Because this is pretty interesting. Now initially, on the surface, we can look at the ketogenic diet, the reduction of carbohydrates, and how it would reduce
our need for insulin, because we don’t need as much insulin, because we don’t have as many carbs. So I wanted to look at
a couple of studies, and I found one that was
extremely interesting, and this one breaks down the exact effect of the ketogenic diet on type 2 diabetes. This study was published in the Journal of Medical Internet
Research publications, and it took a look at 262
people that had type 2 diabetes, and what they found was, that when they put them
on a ketogenic diet, under 30 grams of carbohydrates per day, and increased fat intake, that they started to have some
pretty remarkable results. The main things that they were looking at, were A1c levels. See A1c is basically and aggregate of your blood glucose
over a period of time. So if you have a lower level of A1c, it means that your blood glucose has been getting lower and lower. So that’s a very good thing. And what they found, is at the end of a 10 week period of time, on a ketogenic diet, those that had type 2 diabetes ended up reducing their A1c
levels on average by 1%. Now I’m not talking about 1% as a total, I’m talking about 1% on their lab tests. Now to put this into perspective, I’ll tell you another part of the study. They found that the number of people at the end of the study, that ended up having
healthy levels of A1c, under 6.5%, had increased by 56%. So we should be under
6.5 percent for our A1c, and that’s a healthy range. Well, after this study, being in ketosis for 10 weeks, there was an increase in
56% of the participants that were able to get their numbers below that 6.5%. Pretty darn amazing. Now, the other thing, 90% of the participants
were taking some form of diabetes medication during the study. What they found is at the
end of the 10 week period, over 50%, again, were able to reduce at least one of their diabetes medications, just by going onto a ketogenic diet. Because it released
the tax on the insulin. Released the tax on the pancreas, making it a lot easier to handle, and making the beta cells have
a chance to actually recover. Then we have to look at type 1 diabetes. Now I’m gonna tread lightly here, because type 1 diabetes is
still a little bit of a mystery when it comes down to the ketogenic diet. But we do know that it is
an autoimmune condition, and the ketosis diet
has a lot of an affect on autoimmune conditions and inflammation in the first place. So what we have to look at, is the fact that when you
go on a ketogenic diet, and you’re type 1, you still have a need for insulin, because insulin is going to help prevent ketones from getting too high. We still have a little bit
of insulin that plays a role when we’re talking about ketosis. We don’t want our ketones to get too high, because that leads to ketoacidosis, and that’s where insulin comes in. And a type 1 diabetic needs
to be concerned with that. So the study that’s
most popular right now, takes a look at one individual, that was medically supervised, that wanted to slowly
reduce the amount of insulin that he had to take. So, under medical supervision, he went in to nutritional ketosis, started to reduce his
insulin that he was taking, and over a period of
six and a half months, was able to reduce it dramatically
and eventually come off. The theory is that, because of this relationship
with ketosis and inflammation, simultaneously as you are
able to start reducing the amount of insulin that was needed, you are also increasing
your body’s ability to fight off the inflammation that could be rendering
the beta cells useless. So ketosis potentially
has a healing affect on the autoimmune aspect
of type 1 diabetes, while simultaneously reducing
your need for as much insulin. Now again, I’m not gonna
go into a lot of detail, because this is just one study, and the story of type
1 diabetes and ketosis is still a little bit of a mystery, but it’s starting to show
some pretty promising results. But anyhow, this is a general breakdown of the ketogenic diet
and insulin and diabetes. And I hope that you ended
up getting a lot of detail and understanding how it
truly works within the body. So keep it locked in here with Keto-Mojo, it is our mission to bring
the top educational content when it comes down to true science and true ketosis research. So if you want absolutely
unbiased opinions on ketosis, and how it works in the body, make sure you’re checking back frequently, so you can learn, and you can be on the
forefront of ketosis research. We’ll see you soon.